Travel Guide to Bhubaneshwar

Bhubaneswar, the capital of Odisha, India, a Buddhists and Hindu pilgrimage destination is famous for its architecture and ancient temples. The 10th century Lingaraja temple, dedicated to Shiva. The surface of the 55 meter high Lingaraja temple is covered with carvings. The best times to visit are between October and March. This city is most renowned for changing the conqueror Asoka to the conquered.

The great War of Kalinga took place here between Emperor Asoka and empire of Kalinga (the old empire of Odisha). Asoka was overwhelmed at the gory of blood that flowed like a river. Asokan inscriptions still stand testimony for this. Other major cities near Bhubaneshwar are the holy city of Puri (Jagannath Temple) and Konark (Sun temple). The twin cave groups of Kandagiri and Udayagiri are evidence of the region’s antiquity, dating to the 2nd century BC or the early Jain monastery.

Lingaraj Temple

Lingaraj temple is dedicated to Lord Harihara, a form of Shiva and is one of the oldest temples in the city. Lingaraj, literally means the king of Lingam, the iconic form or Shiva. Shiva was originally worshipped as Kirtivasa and later as Harihara and is commonly referred as Tribhuvaneshwara (also called Bhubaneswar), the master of three worlds, namely, heaven, earth and netherworld. His consort is called Bhuvaneshvari. It is enshrined within a spacious compound wall of laterite measuring 520 ft (160 m) by 465 ft (142 m). The wall is 7.5 ft (2.3 m) thick and surmounted by a plain slant coping. Alongside the inner face of the boundary wall, there is a terrace to protect the compound wall against outside aggression. The tower is 45.11 m (148.0 ft) high and the complex has 150 smaller shrines in its spacious courtyard. Each inch of the 55 m (180 ft) tall tower is sculpted. The door in the gate of the entrance porch is made of sandalwood.

NandanKanan Zoological park

Adjacent to Chandaka-Dampara Wildlife Sanctuary, Nandankanan lies in the vicinity of Kanjia lake. The name of “Nandankanan”, in mythology, delineates the ecstatic but imaginary beauty of the celestial garden. It also indicates the real beautiful spots par excellence on earth, where one can see the panoramic views of nature and appreciate the glamour that exists in the external morphology of plants and animals.The zoo is enriched with 101 enclosures with 202 sub-enclosures at Nandankanan.

Udayagiri and Khandagiri caves

The caves are partly natural and partly artificial caves of archaeological, historical and religious importance near the city of Bhubaneswar. The caves are situated on two adjacent hills, Udayagiri and Khandagiri, mentioned as Kumari Parvat in the Hathigumpha inscription. They have a number of finely and ornately carved caves. It is believed that most of these caves were carved out as residential blocks for Jain monks during the reign of King Kharavela. Udayagiri means “Sunrise Hill” and has 18 caves while Khandagiri has 15 caves.

Dhauli Giri Hills

Dhauli hills are located on the banks of the river Daya, 8 km south of Bhubaneswar. It is a hill with vast open space adjoining it. Dhauli hill is presumed to be the area where the Kalinga War was fought. The great king Ashoka had a special weakness for Dhauli, where the battle was fought. It is said that the Daya river had turned red with the blood of the many deceased after the battle, which enabled Ashoka to realize the magnitude of horror associated with war. With this event his inclination towards Buddhism increased and he ensured that Dhauli became an important centre of Buddhist activities. He built several chaityas, stupas and pillars there. He got abodes excavated for the recluse, instructions inscribed for officials, expounded the main principles of dandaniti for the public, provided special status to his new kingdom including the stupas at Dhauli.

Mukteshvara Temple

Mukteshvara temple is a 10th-century temple dedicated to Shiva located in Bhubaneswar. The temple dates back to 950–975 CE and is a monument of importance in the study of the development of Hindu temples in Odisha. The stylistic development the Mukteswar marks the culmination of all earlier developments, and initiates a period of experiment which continues for an entire century, as seen in such temples as the Rajarani Temple and Lingaraj temple, both located in Bhubaneswar. It is one of the prominent tourist attractions of the city.

Rajarani Temple

Rajarani Temple is an 11th-century Hindu temple located in Bhubaneswar. The temple is believed to have been known originally as Indreswara. It is locally famous as the “love temple” because of the erotic carvings of women and couples in the temple. Rajarani Temple is built in the pnahcratha style on a raised platform with two structures: a central shrine called the vimana (sanctum) with a bada (curvilinear spire) over its roof rising to a height of 18 m (59 ft), and a viewing hall called jagamohana with a pyramidal roof.

Tribal Museum

Tribal Museum, located near to the Jagannath Temple at Koraput in Orissa, showcases a good collection of stone sculptures, metal objects and images, wooden objects, anthropological objects, jewelry, textiles and terracotta. A small informative library and a small but elegant zoo are also operated inside the museum.


The ISKCON Temple, with deities of Krishna, Blaram, Gaura Nithai, Subhadra and Jagannath, is located in the heart of the Bhubaneswar city. ISKCON is very prominent in Bhubaneswar with activities surrounding over two centers, one in the Swarga Dwara area, and the other in the outskirts of the city. For the devotees of Krishna and Radha, the Universal symbol of love, a new Radha-Krishna temple is constructed nearby to ISKCON temple.


  • Air: The Biju Patnaik airport at Bhubaneswar is nearly 5 km away from the heart of the city. The airport is connected to Delhi and Mumbai. International travelers need to get connections through Delhi.
  • Train: Bhubaneswar railway station is about 6 km away from the city center. Bhubaneshwar is well-connected to the metro cities and also to other cities.
  • Road: Bhubaneshwar is connected with Major National and State highways and the road conditions are pretty good to give the travelers a smooth and comfortable ride.



  • State: Odisha
  • District: Khurda
  • Famous for/as: Heritage
  • Languages: Oriya, English, Hindi
  • Best time to visit: October to March
  • Weather: Summers 19 to 45°C, Winter 7 to 32°C
  • Pincode: 7510xx
  • STD code: 0674
  • State Govt. tourism website:


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